Bikeshare and E-scooter Systems in the U.S.
Updated 08/17/22 (updated to 2022 data and revised dockless bikeshare data)
Bikeshare and e-scooters are types of micromobility, a category of modes of transportation that includes very light, low-occupancy vehicles such as electric scooters (e-scooters), electric skateboards, shared bicycles, and electric pedal assisted bicycles (e-bikes). Explore trends in micromobility in the U.S. since 2015 using the interactive map below, which features docked bikeshare, dockless bikeshare, and e-scooter systems.
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics' (BTS) interactive bikeshare and e-scooter map shows, by city, the name of the bikeshare (docked or dockless) and/or e-scooter system serving it for every year from 2015 to present. The total number of these systems and the number of cities served declined from 2019 to 2020 due to many systems temporarily suspending operations or closing permanently in response to COVID-19. For systems serving multiple cities, the map shows just the name of the largest city served by the system. For cities with a docked bikeshare system, see Locations of Docked Bikeshare Stations by System and Year for station locations and changes in locations over time.
For information on systems that suspended operations or closed in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020. For information on docked bikeshare ridership since 2019, see BTS' interactive docked bikeshare ridership application.
Interactive Bikeshare and e-Scooter Map
As of July 2022, 61 docked bikeshare systems open to the general public operated 8,473 docking stations in the U.S (Figure 1 and 2). On average, there are 137 docking stations operated by a system, with the largest system (Citi Bike serving New York City, NY; Jersey City,, NJ; and Hoboken, NJ) operating over 1,500 stations and 4 systems having 10 or fewer stations.
The number of docked bikeshare systems nearly doubled from 2015 to 2019 (from 66 to 102) then declined from 102 in 2019 to 61 in 2020 as many docked bikeshare systems closed permanently following a temporarily suspension of operations due to COVID-19 (Figure 1). For information on systems that suspended operations or closed in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020.
Only docked bikeshare systems open to the general public are included in the count. College, employer, and resident docked bikeshare systems are not counted.
Dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems expanded coverage, first appearing in the U.S. in 2017 (Figure 4). As of July 2022, there are 45 dockless bikeshare systems and 300 e-scooter systems (not counting systems limited to college or employer campuses).
Many systems serve the same city. As of July 2022, dockless bikeshare systems serve 35 cities and e-scooters serve 158 cities. In 2022, the number of cities with a dockless bikeshare system was up (at 35 cities) from the 2020 low of 19 cities but down from the 2019 level of 53 cities (Figure 5). For additional details on system suspensions and closures in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020.
In contrast, the number of cities with an e-scooter system has grown since their first appearance (Figure 5). In 2022, e-scooters served 158 cities.
Docked bikeshare stations are part of BTS' Intermodal Passenger Connectivity Database (IPCD). The IPCD is a nationwide database of passenger transportation facilities and docked bikeshare stations, with data on the availability of connections to: intercity, commuter, and transit rail; scheduled air service; intercity and transit bus; intercity and transit ferry services; and bikeshare. Bikeshare stations included in the IPCD belong to systems that are 1) open to the public; 2) self-service, application-based; and 3) station-based. Public bike racks, referred to as "light-weight" stations by docked bikeshare systems, are not included because
Figure 6 shows the number of modes served at intermodal passenger facilities in the Boston area, with facilities featuring bikeshare docking stations distinguished in yellow. Nationwide, as of August 2022 64% of all bikeshare docking stations are within one block of another public passenger transportation mode and an additional 16% are within two blocks (Figure 7).
Figure 6: Intermodal Passenger Transportation Facilities in the Boston Area
BTS' interactive docked bikeshare ridership application shows, for the largest docked bikeshare systems, the total number of trips taken by month from starting in January 2020 compared to the same days of the week in the previous year. The application includes only trips that started and ended at a docking station. Several of the bikeshare systems with docking stations permit users to start and/or end their trip outside of a docking station on permitted bikes (typically for an additional fee). On systems that permit these dockless trips, the majority of trips still start and end at a docking station except those made in Portland, OR (BikeTown). Explore the total number of trips taken by year, month, and type (docked versus dockless) below for the largest systems with docking stations.
Data on the number of trips taken on dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems are not available.
Data on bikeshare and e-scooters are available in the Bikeshare & Scooter Systems and Intermodal Passenger Connectivity Database (IPCD) datasets. For cities with a docked bikeshare system, see Locations of Docked Bikeshare Stations by System and Year for station locations and changes in locations over time.
For information on systems that suspended operations or closed in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020. For information on docked bikeshare ridership in 2020, see the effects of COVID-19 on docked bikeshare ridership.
For any questions or comments, please contact Theresa Firestine.