Updated 02/15/22 (updated to include additional systems and revised dockless bikeshare data)
Bikeshare and e-scooters are types of micromobility, a category of modes of transportation that includes very light, low-occupancy vehicles such as electric scooters (e-scooters), electric skateboards, shared bicycles, and electric pedal assisted bicycles (e-bikes). Explore trends in micromobility in the U.S. since 2015 using the interactive map below, which features docked bikeshare, dockless bikeshare, and e-scooter systems.
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics' (BTS) interactive bikeshare and e-scooter map shows, by city, the name of the bikeshare (docked or dockless) and/or e-scooter system serving it for every year from 2015 to 2020. The total number of these systems and the number of cities served declined from 2019 to 2020 due to many systems temporarily suspending operations or closing permanently in response to COVID-19. For systems serving multiple cities, the map shows just the name of the largest city served by the system. For cities with a docked bikeshare system, see Locations of Docked Bikeshare Stations by System and Year for station locations and changes in locations over time.
As of August 2021, 69 docked bikeshare systems open to the general public operated 7,469 docking stations in the U.S (Figure 1 and 2). On average, there are 108 docking stations operated by a system, with the largest system (Citi Bike serving New York City and Jersey City) operating over 1,500 stations and 9 systems having 10 or fewer stations.
The number of docked bikeshare systems nearly doubled from 2015 to 2019 (from 65 to 104) then declined from 104 in 2019 to 69 in 2021 as many docked bikeshare systems closed permanently following a temporarily suspension of operations due to COVID-19 (Figure 1). For information on systems that suspended operations or closed in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020.
Only docked bikeshare systems open to the general public are included in the count. College, employer, and resident docked bikeshare systems are not counted.
Dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems expanded coverage, first appearing in the U.S. in 2017 (Figure 4). As of August 2021, there are 36 dockless bikeshare systems and 248 e-scooter systems (not counting systems limited to college or employer campuses). Many systems serve the same city. As of August 2021, dockless bikeshare systems serve 31 cities and e-scooters serve 110 cities. In 2021, the number of cities with a dockless bikeshare system was up from 2020 but down from 2019 levels; in contrast, the number of cities with an e-scooter system has grown since their first appearance (Figure 5).
Like docked bikeshare, the number of dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems increased through 2019 then declined from 2019 to 2020 due to systems suspending operations to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Dockless bikeshare declined from 62 systems in 2019 to 19 systems in December 2020, while e-scooter systems declined from 252 systems in 2019 to 220 systems in December 2020. For additional details on system suspensions and closures in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020.
Docked bikeshare stations are part of BTS' Intermodal Passenger Connectivity Database (IPCD). The IPCD is a nationwide database of passenger transportation facilities and docked bikeshare stations, with data on the availability of connections to: intercity, commuter, and transit rail; scheduled air service; intercity and transit bus; intercity and transit ferry services; and bikeshare. Bikeshare stations included in the IPCD belong to systems that are 1) open to the public; 2) self-service, application-based; and 3) station-based.
Figure 3 shows the number of modes served at intermodal passenger facilities in the Boston area, with facilities featuring bikeshare docking stations distinguished in yellow. Nationwide, as of August 2021, 63% of all bikeshare docking stations are within one block of another public passenger transportation mode and an additional 17% are within two blocks (Figure 4).
BTS' interactive docked bikeshare ridership application shows, for the largest docked bikeshare systems, the total number of trips taken by month
from starting in January 2020 compared to the same days of the week in the previous
year. The application includes only trips that started and ended at a docking station. Several of the bikeshare systems with docking stations permit users to start and/or end their trip outside of a docking station on permitted bikes (typically for an additional fee). On systems that permit these dockless trips, the majority of trips still start and end at a docking station except those made in Portland, OR (BikeTown). Explore the total number of trips taken by year, month, and type (docked versus dockless) below for the largest systems with docking stations.
Data on the number of trips taken on dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems are not available.
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics, part of the
U.S. Department of Transportation, is the preeminent source of statistics on
commercial aviation, multimodal freight activity, and transportation economics,
and provides context to decision makers and the public for understanding
statistics on transportation.