Bikeshare and E-scooter Systems in the U.S.
Updated August 2020
Bikeshare and e-scooters are types of micromobility, a category of modes of transportation that includes very light, low-occupancy vehicles such as electric scooters (e-scooters), electric skateboards, shared bicycles, and electric pedal assisted bicycles (e-bikes). Explore trends in micromobility in the U.S. since 2015 using the interactive map below, which features docked bikeshare, dockless bikeshare, and e-scooter systems.
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics' (BTS) interactive bikeshare and e-scooter map shows, by city, the name of the bikeshare (docked or dockless) and/or e-scooter system serving it for every year from 2015 to August 2020. The total number of these systems and the number of cities served declined from 2019 to 2020 due to many systems temporarily suspending operations or closing permanently in response to COVID-19. For systems serving multiple cities, the map shows just the name of the largest city served by the system. For cities with a docked bikeshare system, see Locations of Docked Bikeshare Stations by System and Year for station locations and changes in locations over time.
For information on systems that suspended operations or closed in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020. For information on docked bikeshare ridership since 2019, see BTS' interactive docked bikeshare ridership application.
Interactive Bikeshare and e-Scooter Map
As of August 2020, 71 docked bikeshare systems open to the general public operated 3,161 docking stations in the U.S (Figure 1). A total of 71 bikeshare systems operate these stations. On average, there are 93 docking stations operated by a system, with the largest system (Citi Bike serving New York City and Jersey City) operating over 1,000 stations and 11 systems having 10 or fewer stations.
The number of docked bikeshare systems nearly doubled from 2015 to 2019 then declined from 103 in 2019 to 71 in August 2020 as many docked bikeshare systems closed permanently following a temporarily suspension of operations due to COVID-19 (Figure 1).
Only docked bikeshare systems open to the general public are included in the count. College, employer, and resident docked bikeshare systems are not counted.
Dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems expanded coverage, first appearing in the U.S. in 2017 (Figure 2). As of August 2020, there are 50 dockless bikeshare systems and 145 e-scooter systems (not counting systems limited to college or employer campuses). Many systems serve the same city. As of August 2020, dockless bikeshare systems serve 45 cities and e-scooters serve 69 cities.
Like docked bikeshare, the number of dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems increased through 2019 then declined from 2019 to 2020 due to systems suspending operations to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Dockless bikeshare declined from 71 systems in 2019 to 50 systems in August 2020, while e-scooter systems declined from 239 systems in 2019 to 145 systems in August 2020. As of August 2020, it is unclear whether the suspended systems will re-open or close permanently.
Docked bikeshare stations are part of BTS' Intermodal Passenger Connectivity Database (IPCD). The IPCD is a nationwide database of passenger transportation facilities and docked bikeshare stations, with data on the availability of connections to: intercity, commuter, and transit rail; scheduled air service; intercity and transit bus; intercity and transit ferry services; and bikeshare. Bikeshare stations included in the IPCD belong to systems that are 1) open to the public; 2) self-service, application-based; and 3) station-based.
Figure 3 shows the number of modes served at intermodal passenger facilities in the Boston area, with facilities featuring bikeshare docking stations distinguished in yellow. Nationwide, as of August 2020, 73% of all bikeshare docking stations are within one block of another public passenger transportation mode and an additional 13% are within two blocks (Figure 4).
BTS' interactive docked bikeshare ridership application shows, for the largest docked bikeshare systems, the total number of trips taken by month from starting in January 2020 compared to the same days of the week in the previous year. The application includes only trips that started and ended at a docking station. Several of the bikeshare systems with docking stations permit users to start and/or end their trip outside of a docking station on permitted bikes (typically for an additional fee). On systems that permit these dockless trips, the majority of trips still start and end at a docking station except those made in Portland, OR (BikeTown). Explore the total number of trips taken by year, month, and type (docked versus dockless) below for the largest systems with docking stations.
Data on the number of trips taken on dockless bikeshare and e-scooter systems are not available.
Data on bikeshare and e-scooters are available in the Bikeshare & Scooter Systems and Intermodal Passenger Connectivity Database (IPCD) datasets. For cities with a docked bikeshare system, see Locations of Docked Bikeshare Stations by System and Year for station locations and changes in locations over time.
For information on systems that suspended operations or closed in 2020, see Docked and Dockless and E-scooter System Changes 2020. For information on docked bikeshare ridership in 2020, see the effects of COVID-19 on docked bikeshare ridership.
For any questions or comments, please contact Theresa Firestine.