Effects of COVID-19 on Bikeshare (Docked and Dockless) and E-scooter Operations

Updated 02/15/2022 with revised dockless bikeshare data
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics' (BTS) interactive bikeshare and e-scooter map shows the effects of COVID-19 on bikeshare (docked and dockless) and e-scooter systems in from January to December 2020. Many systems temporarily suspended operations or delayed seasonal opening. Several systems closed due to budgetary issues and no longer serve the area. Click to view the changes by month. A summary of system changes from March to December 2020 is presented below the map. From March to December, 63 systems closed and 136 suspended operations. 56 of 168 cities with service in March 2020 lost service by August 2020.

March through December 2020 System Changes

At the beginning of March 2020, a total of 104 docked bikeshare systems, 33 dockless bikeshare systems, and 216 e-scooter systems served one or more cities in the U.S. This includes systems still closed for the winter season.
During March through December 2020, many bikeshare (docked and dockless) and e-scooter systems closed temporarily in response to COVID-19 and some systems closed permanently. 
In summary,
  • 27 percent (28 systems) of docked bikeshare systems closed permanently and 19 percent (20 systems) suspended operations while the remaining 54 percent (56 systems) remained open throughout March to December 2020.
  • 45 percent (15 systems) of dockless bikeshare systems closed permanently and 9 percent (3 systems) suspended operations while the remaining 45 percent (15 systems) remained open throughout March to December 2020.
  • 9 percent (20 systems) of e-scooter systems closed permanently and 52 percent (113 systems) suspended operations while the remaining 38 percent (83 systems) remained open throughout March to December 2020.
Suspended systems closed for all of or a period of time during March through December 2020.
Systems that Suspended Operations
A total of 20 docked bikeshare systems, 4 dockless bikeshare systems, and 111 e-scooter systems suspended operations for a period of time during March through August 2020. More than half of the systems re-opened by August 2020, while the other half remain suspended or closed permanently. A greater share of e-scooter systems re-opened by August than bikeshare systems.
By December 2020, several systems that remained suspended in August reopened:
  • 2 docked bikeshare systems,
  • 1 dockless bikeshare system, and
  • 13 e-scooter systems.
System Changes By City
At the beginning of March 2020, 166 cities had a bikeshare (docked or dockless) and/or e-scooter system. As of August 2020, 56 of the 168 cities (33 percent) no longer have a bikeshare or e-scooter system. In these 56 cities, the bikeshare and/or e-scooter system remains suspended or closed permanently.
Nine cities that did not have any service at the beginning of March 2020 gained service (e-scooter) by August 2020 (Chicago, IL; Gaithersburg, MD; Minneapolis, MN; St. Paul, MN; Orem, UT; Lehi, UT; St. Clair Shores, MI; San Juan, PR; and Guaynabo, PR).  

Of the cities that lost service between March and August 2020, 8 re-gained bikeshare or e-scooter service by December 2020. Between August and December 2020:
  • Three cities (Grand Rapids, MI; Bartlesville, OK; and Seattle, WA) gained an e-scooter service that it did not have in August,
  • Docked bikeshare systems re-opened in 2 cities,
  • Dockless bikeshare systems re-opened in 2 cities, and
  • E-scooter systems re-opened in 5 cities.
The systems that re-opened had been suspended as of August 2020.
Systems that serve more than one city, such as Capital Bikeshare (Washington, DC) counted only once. During March through August 2020, the systems serving some cities changed. Counts are for the number of closed and suspended systems and not for a particular system. For example, if 3 systems were suspended in March and then 4 different systems replaced these in May, 3 systems counted as suspended in April and 0 in May.  Any new system not counted in closures or re-openings but included in cities served.

System changes for 2020 available in the Bikeshare and E-Scooter System Changes by Month and System Status dataset. For data for prior years, see the Interactive Bikeshare and E-scooter Map, which shows, by city, the name of the bikeshare (docked or dockless) and/or e-scooter system serving it for every year from 2015.
For information on docked bikeshare ridership in 2020, see the effects of COVID-19 on docked bikeshare ridership.
For any questions or comments, please contact Theresa Firestine.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics, part of the U.S. Department of Transportation, is the preeminent source of statistics on commercial aviation, multimodal freight activity, and transportation economics, and provides context to decision makers and the public for understanding statistics on transportation.