Government Transportation Revenues and Expenditures:

Government Transportation Revenue vs. Expenditures

Historically, government transportation revenue collected from transportation sources falls short of government transportation expenditures creating a need for additional funding sources.
2019 Year-in-Review (latest available)
  • Total (own-source and supporting) transportation revenues exceeded transportation expenditures by 10.8 billion in 2019.
  • Of total transportation revenue, 42.2 percent came from non-transportation sources, such as local sales taxes dedicated to transportation in 2019.

Total Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditures | Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditures by State
Total Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditures
Revenue collected from transportation-related activity and dedicated to transportation programs (own-source revenue) historically falls short of government transportation expenditures. Funds collected from non-transportation-related activities but dedicated to support transportation programs (supporting revenue), e.g., receipts received by state and local governments from sales or property taxes, help finance the gap between own-source government transportation revenue and government transportation expenditures.
Note: Transportation revenue in several years includes transfers to Highway Trust Fund from other sources. See Transportation Trust Funds for transfer amount.

Total Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditures Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditure by State 
Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditures by State
States and local governments allocate funds among transportation modes differently because they have diverse geographies and economies, which lead to different transportation needs. For example, urban areas like the District of Columbia and New York devote a large share of total expenditures to transit. In contrast, inland low-density states in the Great Plains, like North Dakota and South Dakota, spend most of their transportation expenditures on highways. 


U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transportation Economic Trends, available at

Bureau of Transportation Statistics
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics, part of the U.S. Department of Transportation, is the preeminent source of statistics on commercial aviation, multimodal freight activity, and transportation economics, and provides context to decision makers and the public for understanding statistics on transportation.