Transportation Economic Trends
Employment in Transportation:
Annual Employment in Transportation and Related Industries
Employment in transportation and related industries and employment in transportation occupations are two ways to measure the Nation’s transportation workforce. This page highlights the annual employment in transportation and related industries. For monthly employment see the Monthly Employment in the Transportation and Warehousing Sector page.
- An estimated total of 15.8 million persons (10.4 percent of the U.S. labor force) worked in the transportation and warehousing sector and related industries (e.g., automotive manufacturing) in 2022—up 5.0 percent from 2021. In 2022, total employment in transportation reached the highest level since 1990, surpassing 2019. Employment in transportation-related industries and total transportation and related employment for 2022 includes the estimated number of U.S. Department of Transportation workers (based on the average of the previous two years)
- Employment in
both the transportation and warehousing sector and transportation-related
industries increased in 2022 but by less in the transportation-related industries
(2.7 percent increase vs. 8.2 percent increase).
Employment in the transportation and warehousing sector increased to 6.7 million workers in 2022, up by 8.2 percent from 2021.
- Ten out of eleven industries in the transportation sector expanded their labor force from 2021 to 2022. Scenic and sightseeing transportation saw the largest increase in employment (34.3 percent), followed by taxi and limousine service (32.0 percent). Employment in warehousing and storage surpassed truck employment for the first time in 2021 and remained above truck employment level in 2022. Pipeline employment saw the only decline in employment (1.2 percent) in 2022.
- Among transportation and transportation-related industries, the trucking industry employed the largest number of transportation workers (1.2 million) in 2022.
- Almost one-quarter (24.0 percent) of all transportation workers in 2022 are over the age of 55— slightly more than the percent employed in all industries (23.6 percent). Nearly half (42.7 percent) of workers in transit are over the age of 55.