Transportation Cost Burden
Transportation Spending by Income Quintile and Vehicles Available
Transportation cost burden measures the percentage of income that a household spends on transportation. The cost of transportation, the modes available, and the modes used affect the total households spend on transportation. This page looks at spending by whether the household owns or leases a vehicle or neither owns or leases a vehicle. Data on this page are from 2015.
- The lowest income quintile spends the least on transportation primarily due to spending less on vehicle ownership and operation. This follows from fewer lower income quintile households owning or leasing a vehicle; nearly 30% have no vehicle and on average, lower income households own only one vehicle. In comparison, 6% and 4% of middle- and upper-income households, respectively, have no vehicle.
- Transportation expenditures are lower across every income quintile for households with no vehicle than households who own or lease at least one vehicle.
- Households in the largest income quintile spend the most on transportation regardless of whether they own a vehicle or lease a vehicle. However, when looking at spending on transportation as a percent of after-tax income, the largest income quintile spends the lowest percent.